Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
Published: 2021-07-20

The perception of biopsychosocial impacts of COVID-19 during lockdown restrictions over time in the UK – a mixed methods study

University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom
Centre for Research in Health and Society, University of Cumbria, Fusehill Street, Carlisle, CA1 2HH, UK
Centre for Research in Health and Society, University of Cumbria, Fusehill Street, Carlisle, CA1 2HH, UK
Centre for Research in Health and Society, University of Cumbria, Fusehill Street, Carlisle, CA1 2HH, UK
Centre for Research in Health and Society, University of Cumbria, Fusehill Street, Carlisle, CA1 2HH, UK
Biopsychosocial, COVID-19, Integrated Care, Place-Based Care, United Kingdom

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted the health of individuals physically, mentally, and socially. This study aims to gain a deeper understanding of this impact across the pandemic from a biopsychosocial stance.

Methods: A survey created by the research team was employed between November 2020 and February 2021 across social media, relevant organizations, and networks. The survey incorporated 5-time points across the different stages of the pandemic, covering biological, psychological, and social. There were 5 items for each survey (Very Positive affect to Very Negative affect), and analysis was undertaken using SPSS version 16. Descriptive statistics and non-parametric Friedman and Wilcoxon Tests, as well as correlations between the three domains, were implemented.

Results: This study included 164 participants (77.0% female and 35.0% male) across 24 out of 38 counties in the UK. The impact of COVID-19 on biological domain was significant across the five data points χ2(4) = 63.99, < 0.001, psychological χ2(4) = 118.939, p <0.001 and socially χ2(4) = 186.43, p <0.001. Between the 5 data points, 4 out of 5 had a negative impact, however between the first stage of lockdown and the easing of restrictions, findings for biological (Z=-2.35, <0.05), psychological (Z=-6.61, p < 0.001), and socially (Z = -8.61, <0.001) were positive. Negative correlations between the three domains across the pandemic are apparent, but in later stages, the biological domain had a positive correlation r = 0.52, p < 0.001.

Conclusion: The data shows a negative impact from the self-reported perception of wellbeing from a biopsychosocial stance over time, as well as perceiving the three domains to interact negatively. To address these biopsychosocial issues, the research implies a place-based integrated recovery effort is needed, addressing biological, psychological, and social issues simultaneously. Further research should investigate biopsychosocial health among a more generalizable population.



Downloads

Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite

1.
Grimwood S, Stuart K, Browning R, Bidmead E, Winn-Reed T. The perception of biopsychosocial impacts of COVID-19 during lockdown restrictions over time in the UK – a mixed methods study. jidhealth [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 20 [cited 2022 May 25];4(Special2):402-14. Available from: https://www.jidhealth.com/index.php/jidhealth/article/view/131