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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Papers should be in English. Either British or American the spelling should be consistent throughout.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Total words count should not be more than 3000 words with exception of abstract, tables, figures and references.
  • The text is single-spaced in one column; uses a 12-point Times New Roman font for the whole article text; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Authors should prepare their manuscripts in a way that does not give away their identity. Submit the Title Page containing the Authors details and Blinded Manuscript with no author details as two separate files.
  • Signed copyright form should be uploaded with main article. You can download it from: Copyright Form
  • Do not use page breaks in your manuscript
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • Use SI units: Please ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF.

Preparing your manuscript


As a policy of Journal of Ideas in Health, authors are ecouraged to follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ICMJE  when preparing their work for submission.


Page Contents



  1. General Principles

  2. Reporting Guidelines

  3. Manuscript Sections

    1. Title Page

    2. Abstract

    3. Introduction

    4. Methods

    5. Results

    6. Discussion

    7. References

    8. Tables

    9. Illustrations (Figures)

    10. Units of Measurement

    11. Abbreviations and Symbols




 General Principles


Generally, the so-called “IMRAD” structure (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections) is followed to present the text of articles reporting original research. More details about other types of articles are found in Type of Articles.


Reporting Guidlines 


Depending on the type of designed study, authors in JIDHealth are encouraged to follow the corresponding guideline and as follows; CONSORT for randomized trials, STROBE for observational studies, PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and STARD for studies of diagnostic accuracy. Authors of review manuscripts are encouraged to describe the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data; this is mandatory for systematic reviews. Good sources for reporting guidelines are the EQUATOR Network and the NLM's Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.


Manuscript Sections 


The Title Page


The first page is the title page and should include the followings and in separate lines:


Article title


The title of article must be specific, concise and informative. Alaways try to keep it simple and brief enough to condens the article’s content in a few words and captures the readers’ attention as well. However, in case of randomized trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, information about the study design should be a part of the title. For example:


Author information:


Names


list full name (s) of author (s). To match authors and their own affiliations, please insert numerical superscripts, i.e., “1, 2, 3, 4 …” followed by a space, after name and, correspondingly, before affiliation. If all the authors are affiliated to the same one organization, any number is no need. For exmple: Ahmed Ali Khaleel1*, Layla Taha Hussian2


Affiiation(where the actual work was done)


Different affiliations shall be listed in separate lines. Do not insert any punctuation at the end of each affiliation. If all the authors are affiliated to the same organization, type that affiliation just once. The footnote should state the author's academic affiliation (departments, institutions, city, country and email address). For example:


*1 Departments, Institutions, City, Country name and, if available, the e-mail address


2 Departments, Institutions, City, Country name and, if available, the e-mail address


Corresponding author


Full name with contact details (the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address). Do not forget to denote the corresponding author with a superscript asterisk (*).


“ICMJE encourages the listing of authors’ Open Researcher and Contributor Identification (ORCID)” .


Source(s) of support


Please calrify if any grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that have been used to facilitate conducting the work.


Word count


A total word count for the article's text, excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references should not exceed 3000 words. “A separate word count for the abstract is useful for the same reason” (limited to 300 words).


Number of figures and tables


As far as necessary to cite results of the study, the number of Figures and Tables is allowed. However, authors are encouraged to be rational in using Figures and Tables and to avoid doubling the data in the main text and in Figures orTables.


Conflict of Interest declaration:


“Conflict of interest information for each author needs to be part of the manuscript; each journal should develop standards with regard to the form the information should take and where it will be posted. The ICMJE has developed a uniform conflict of interest disclosure form for use by ICMJE member journals and the ICMJE encourages other journals to adopt it. Despite availability of the form, editors may require conflict of interest declarations on the manuscript title page to save the work of collecting forms from each author prior to making an editorial decision or to save reviewers and readers the work of reading each author's form”.


Abstract


The second Page is the abstract page where most of the researchers rely on to cite the article. That is why a special attention should be given to write the abstract in a way should reflect the whole manuscript with adequate and sufficient details. A structured abstract are preferred with no more than 300 words. References are not allowed. Only the necessary abbreviations are used. The following subheadings must be included:


Background (objectives): the context and purpose of the study


Methods: how the study was performed and statistical tests used


Results: the main findings


Conclusions: brief summary and potential implications


“The ICMJE recommends that journals publish the clinical trial registration number at the end of the abstract . The ICMJE also recommends that, when a registration number is available, authors list that number the first time they use a trial acronym to refer to the trial they are reporting or to other trials that they mention in the manuscript. If the data have been deposited in a public repository and/or are being used in a secondary analysis, authors should state at the end of the abstract the unique, persistent data set identifier, repository name and number”.


Keywords


For indexing purposes, (3-10) keywords representing the main content of the article should be provided below the abstract. Try to avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts such as ‘with’, ‘in’, ‘of’, ‘and’ .


The main manuscript text


Introduction:


Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). A brief literature review are ecourgaed. Cite only directly pertinent references, and do not include extra data or conclusions from the work being reported. State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation.


Materials and methods


In this section, reserachers have to specify the ethical permission approval by an independent local, regional or national review body (e.g., ethics committee, institutional review board) as set out by the Helsinki Declaration. The methods, tools and procedures used to conduct the study including the apparatus (manufacturer’s name and address) should be sufficiently detailed to extent that other reserachers would be able to reproduce the results when they accessed the data. Specific attention should be given to state the names of all drugs and chemicals used, including the generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s) of administration. “If an organization was paid or otherwise contracted to help conduct the research (examples include data collection and management), then this should be detailed in the methods”. The statistical methods and any computer software should also be mentioned. The statistical significance has to be identified using superscripts (* and **) following the data (*P < 0.05, **P < 0.01). “In general, the section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section”.


Results


Researchers need to presnet thier findings in logical sequence giving the main or most important findings first. When it is necessary an appropriate tables or illustrations should be used. “Do not repeat all the data in the tables or figures in the text”. A precise check should be given to accuracy and readability of all statistical tests calculation.


Discussion


“It is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, and explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings”. Researchers have not to repeat the results, review literature, and textbook knowledge, but have to interpret their results in light of other studies with special focus given to new and important aspect of the study. Also it is important to include the Implications of the findings, and the study limitations.


Conclusion 


Relate the conclusions with the aims of the study but avoid conclusions not supported by the data.


Abbreviations


At the first appearance in the abstract and the text, abbreviations should be preceded by words for which they stand.


Acknowledgements


Acknowledge grant awarded in aid of  the study (state the number of the grant, name and location of the  institution or organisation), as well as persons who have contributed  significantly to the study.


References



  1. Please list References at the end of the manuscript and ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).

  2. Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order before ordering the citations.

  3. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of cited references and precisely listed according to standard reference style of the journal (JIDH) .

  4. References will be linked electronically, that is why they may need to be retyped and carefully proofread if they were not in the correct style.

  5. Only papers published or in press (accepted articles) should be included in the reference list. However, manuscripts on preprint servers, providing the manuscript has a citable DOI or arXiv URL are also acceptable.

  6. Personal communications, unpublished results and unavailable work (submitted but not yet accepted or data not shown) are not recommended in the reference list and the text. Instead, such data could be included as supplementary material or deposited data in a publicly available database.

  7. Do not include citations in abstracts or author summaries.

  8. References cited in figures or tables (or in their legends and footnotes) should be numbered according to the place in the text where that table or figure is first cited.

  9. References citation in text should be Indicated by Arabic number(s) in square brackets in line with the text and sequentially as they appear in the text. All reference numbers must be before the punctuation. Example: '...had graduated every year [42,50]. Saad and Ali [8] found a different result ....'

  10. If there is more than one reference is cited, separate by a comma, for example: …of healthcare workers [1,14-17]. For sequences of consecutive numbers, give the first and last number of the sequence separated by a hyphen, for example: ...word [2-5].

  11. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. Example: Saad and Ali [8] found a different result ....

  12. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to those found in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) databases and used for MEDLINE , also for more information about the Journal names abbreviations, please refer to the CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool abbreviations: Journal of Ideas in Health uses “Vancouver” Style outlined byNLM’s International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals: Sample References webpage and detailed in the US National Library of Medicine NLM’s Citing Medicine, 2nd edition.

  13. More than six authors: List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors).

  14. Example formats are listed below. More information about other types of references such as electronic media, newspaper items, etc. please refer to ICMJE Guidelines . 

  15. More information about other types of references such as electronic media, newspaper items, etc. please refer to ICMJE Guidelines .


Formatting references


A reference management tool, EndNote, offers a specific style that can assist you with the formatting of your references.


Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial. References should be formatted as follows:


Standard format for citation


#. Author of article AA, Author of article BB, Author of article CC. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. Year; vol(issue):page number(s).


Published articles
Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-46.


Note: Use of a DOI number for the full-text article is acceptable as an alternative to or in addition to traditional volume and page numbers. Do not provide a shortened DOI or the URL.


Devaraju P, Gulati R, Antony PT, Mithun CB, Negi VS. Susceptibility to SLE in South Indian Tamils may be influenced by genetic selection pressure on TLR2 and TLR9 genes. Mol Immunol. 2014 Nov 22. pii: S0161-5890(14)00313-7. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2014.11.005.


Accepted, unpublished articles


Same as published articles, but substitute “Forthcoming” for page numbers or DOI.


Online articles


Huynen MMTE, Martens P, Hilderlink HBM. The health impacts of globalisation: a conceptual framework. Global Health. 2005;1: 14. Available from: http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content/1/1/14


Books


Bates B. Bargaining for life: A social history of tuberculosis. 1st ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; 1992.


Book chapters


Hansen B. New York City epidemics and history for the public. In: Harden VA, Risse GB, editors. AIDS and the historian. Bethesda: National Institutes of Health; 1991. pp. 21-28.


Deposited articles (preprints, e-prints, or arXiv)


Krick T, Shub DA, Verstraete N, Ferreiro DU, Alonso LG, Shub M, et al. Amino acid metabolism conflicts with protein diversity; 1991. Preprint. Available from: arXiv:1403.3301v1. Cited 17 March 2014.


Published media (print or online newspapers and magazine articles)


Fountain H. For Already Vulnerable Penguins, Study Finds Climate Change Is Another Danger. The New York Times. 29 Jan 2014. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/30/science/earth/climate-change-taking-toll-on-penguins-study-finds.html Cited 17 March 2014.


New media (blogs, web sites, or other written works)


Allen L. Announcing PLOS Blogs. 2010 Sep 1 [cited 17 March 2014]. In: PLOS Blogs [Internet]. San Francisco: PLOS 2006 - . [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://blogs.plos.org/plos/2010/09/announcing-plos-blogs/.


Masters' theses or doctoral dissertations


Wells A. Exploring the development of the independent, electronic, scholarly journal. M.Sc. Thesis, The University of Sheffield. 1999. Available from: http://cumincad.scix.net/cgi-bin/works/Show?2e09


Databases and repositories (Figshare, arXiv)


Roberts SB. QPX Genome Browser Feature Tracks; 2013 [cited 2013 Oct 5]. Database: figshare [Internet]. Available from: http://figshare.com/articles/QPX_Genome_Browser_Feature_Tracks/701214


Multimedia (videos, movies, or TV shows)


Hitchcock A, producer and director. Rear Window [Film]; 1954. Los Angeles: MGM.


Figures and Tables


Tables 


Tables should be provided as Word files (*.doc). No TIFF and JPG files are acceptable for table submission. 


Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a title for each. Titles in tables should be short but self-explanatory, containing information that allows readers to understand the table's content without having to go back to the text.


 Be sure that each table is cited in the text.


When submitting tables in Microsoft Word table function, no tab, space or colors should be used. Tables should contain a maximum of 10 columns. 


Tables submitted in landscape orientation will not be accepted. 


Tables should include a title, table legend, and if necessary footnotes. Include tables in the submitted manuscript as a separate section.


Figures


 All graphics submitted to the JIDHealth should be sent at their actual size, which is 100% of their print dimension and in portrait orientation.


Two standard widths are used and figures should fit in one (8.5 x 23.5 cm) or two (17.5 x 23.5 cm) columns.


Figures should be supplied in the following preferred file formats: PDF (*.pdf), Power Point (*.ppt), Photoshop (*.psd) files in grayscales or in RGB color mode.


Photographs (scans, immunofluorescences, EM, and histology images) should be submitted as:


1) JGP (*.jpg) or TIFF (*.tif) with a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch, or


2) Illustrator compatible EPS files with RGB color management (*.eps),


3) Photoshop (*.psd) or PDF (*.pdf) files (grayscales or RGB) at the appropriate resolution which is:



  • * 300 dpi for color figures

  • * 600 dpi for black and white figures

  • * 1200 dpi for line-art figures


For all photomicrographs, where possible, a scale should appear on the photograph. Photographs of identifiable patients should be accompanied by written permission to publish from patient(s).


Furthermore, panel lettering should be in Arial bold 14 pt, capitalized and no full stop (A, B) while lettering in figures (axes, conditions), should be in Arial 8 pt, lower case type with the first letter capitalized and no full stop. No type should be smaller than 6 pt.


Note: If after acceptance the quality of the figures does not match the standards of the Journal, the authors will be asked to resubmit the figures at the required quality.



Figure Legends 


Figure legends should be listed one after the other, as part of the text document, separate from the figure files. Please do not write a legend below each figure. Each figure legend should have a brief overarching title that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a description of each panel, and the symbols used. Enough information should be provided in the figure legend text to permit interpretation of figures without reference to the text; but should not contain any details of methods, or exceed 100 words.
The abbreviated word for figure “Fig.” should be typed and bolded, followed by the figure number and a period (i.e.., “Fig. 1.”). Every figure legend should have a Title written in bold. If a figure contains multiple sections (i.e. A, B, C, D) the letter for these subsections should be in capital letters. Within the figure legend text the capital letters should be surrounded by parenthesis [i.e. (A)(B)(C)(D)]. Figures should be numbered according to the order of citation.


Supplementary material



Supplementary material can be uploaded during the submission process.
The Supplementary material should have a manuscript title, list of authors, a table of contents, followed by the list of investigators (if there is one), text (such as methods), figures, tables, and then references.


Supplementary material must be prepared as a single Word file with pages numbered (including references, tables and figure legends) using Times New Roman or Arial 12 pt double-spaced). Sections have to be 12 pt bold, Subsections have to be 12 pt, italics. For mathematical symbols, Greek letters, and other special characters, use normal text, NOT symbol.


Figures have to be included with legends below each figure. Figure legends consist of a title (bold) and separate descriptions for reach panel, labelled by capital letters in parenthesis.


Tables have to be included with Table titles (bold) on top of the Table and footnotes below. Very large Tables (e.g., microarray data) should be submitted as Excel file.
The Supplementary material will not be edited for style


Units and Symbols 


Please use the International System of Units (SI units). All the names of SI units are always written in lowercase. However, the symbols of units named after a person are capitalized (e.g., ampere and A). These symbols are not abbreviations, so periods are not required. Additionally, a space should always be included between a number and the SI unit, except for the degree symbol. Italics are usually not used with SI units.


NOTE: Please ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF.