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Articles
Published: 2021-07-21

Pancytopenia in pregnant patients with COVID-19 infection and vitamin B12 deficiency: a case report study

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Pancytopenia, COVID- 19, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pregnancy, Megaloblastic Anemia, India

Abstract

Background: Folate and vitamin B 12 deficiency can lead to pancytopenia in pregnancy. Some cases of pancytopenia due to COVID-19 infection have also been reported. The two cases that we present are related to the coincidence of pregnancy and deficiency of folic acid and vitamin B12 with COVID-19 infection.

Case presentation: A 26-year- woman G3P1L1A1 and 21-year-woman G2P1L1 presented with pancytopenia and mild COVID-19 infection. The antenatal period was uneventful, and both cases also had folate and vitamin B12 deficiency. They received blood products, folic acid, and vitamin B12 supplementation. COVID- 19 infection was managed well with analgesic and vital monitoring. Postpartum hemorrhage occurred in the second case, which was well managed with uterotonics. All laboratory parameters came out to be normal after three months of supplementation of folic acid and vitamin B12.

Conclusion: Pancytopenia in pregnancy due to folate and vitamin B12 deficiency and COVID- 19 infection can be easily managed with timely intensive targeted therapy, but we should be extra vigilant while handling such complicated cases, keeping in mind all possible differential diagnoses for pancytopenia.



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How to Cite

1.
Agarwal N, Khatri N, Singh P. Pancytopenia in pregnant patients with COVID-19 infection and vitamin B12 deficiency: a case report study. jidhealth [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 21 [cited 2022 Jul. 4];4(Special2):415-8. Available from: https://www.jidhealth.com/index.php/jidhealth/article/view/138