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Published: 2021-03-21

A cross-sectional study of socio-demographic and clinical profile of HIV patients at ART plus centre, Sawai Man Singh Hospital, Jaipur, India

Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India
Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India
Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India
Department of Medicine, RUHS college of medical sciences, Jaipur, India
ICMR- National centre for disease informatics and research, Bengaluru, India
Department of Pharmacology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India
Clinical Profile HIV, Socio-demographic Profile HIV, Opportunistic Infection, Antiretroviral Therapy, India

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to understand the regional variation in the socio-demographic and clinical profile of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients at antiretroviral therapy plus centre of Sawai Man Singh (SMS) hospital, Jaipur, India. 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on HIV patients from January to December 2019. The HIV-positive patients of all age groups and all categories were included in the study. The socio-economic status was assessed by BG Prasad classification-based consumer price index. However, the clinical staging was done according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of HIV/AIDS. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation.

Results: Among 525 HIV patients 59.16% were males, 40.26% females and 0.57% intersex. About half (51.0%) in the reproductive age group with mean age 36 ±13 years. The commonest mode of HIV transmission was heterosexual (89.77%). Maximum belonged to social class I (57.84%) and class II (26.05 %) of BG Prasad's socioeconomic status. Each of the non-agricultural laborers and semi-skilled workers constitutes 18.0%, and the housewives were 23.6%. At the time of presentation, baseline CD4+Tcell count was <350 /mm3 in 55.0% of HIV patients. Pulmonary tuberculosis and skin involvement were the most predominant secondary opportunistic infections accounting for 24.8% and 7.8%, respectively. More than half (52.09%) of patients were in WHO clinical stage I of HIV disease.

Conclusion: Socio-demographic and clinical profile of study participants reflect an impact of early case detection and timely institution of highly active antiretroviral therapy.



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How to Cite

1.
Jain C, Sharma L, Advani U, Kumar M, Tak A, Jain M. A cross-sectional study of socio-demographic and clinical profile of HIV patients at ART plus centre, Sawai Man Singh Hospital, Jaipur, India. jidhealth [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 21 [cited 2022 Nov. 27];4(1):321-6. Available from: https://www.jidhealth.com/index.php/jidhealth/article/view/89